De Koog came into existence in the 15th century when a chapel was built for the hamlet of Rijsduinen. It is one of the oldest villages on Texel. De Koog used to be called Cooghen and was a flourishing fishing village. Due to the silted up Anegat (which made the coastal town easily accessible) and broken dykes caused by a heavy storm, many inhabitants left. Due to poverty, several families lived in huts made of sods. At the beginning of the twentieth century, there were no more than a handful of houses and there was a lot of poverty. After the Second World War, De Koog flourished again thanks to growing tourism. Nowadays, there is little to be seen of this heavy history, due to the modern surroundings.